Colorado Springs Theft Crime Lawyers
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Being convicted of a theft crime is a serious matter; even a misdemeanor petty theft conviction can result in serious consequences. If you are currently facing a theft charge, you should get in touch with an experienced Colorado Springs defense attorney right away.
It is not only your future that may be at stake, but also your finances, professional life, and personal relations. Theft crimes are considered "crimes of moral turpitude," meaning even if you are essentially an honest and good person, your reputation and your good name may be tarnished from a conviction.
Colorado's criminal laws concerning theft crimes are complex and can be confusing for those who do not possess any legal expertise. That is why an attorney is essential to fighting your charges. You may not be familiar with the prosecution's strategies or the most effective defense for your particular case, but an experienced and reliable attorney will. At The Bussey Law Firm, P.C., we are known for providing clients with quality legal counsel and advice.
What Is Considered Theft in Colorado?
Colorado's criminal statutes state that theft occurs when an individual "knowingly obtains or exercises control over" another's property without his or her permission. The following conditions also have to be met in order for an action to be considered theft:
- The perpetrator does not ever intend to give the property back to the owner;
- The perpetrator knowingly uses, conceals, or abandons the property; or
- The perpetrator demands any payment to which he or she is not legally entitled, as a condition of restoring the property to the owner.
There are many different types of theft crimes, including the following:
- Theft of Rental Property
- Theft of Trade Secrets
- Fuel Piracy
- Newspaper Theft
- Theft of Medical Records
- Motor Vehicle Theft
The state of Colorado has its own specific statutes that address the theft of sound recordings, cable television services, and public transportation services.
Misdemeanor v. Felony Theft
Misdemeanors and felonies refer to two different types of crimes, differentiated by their severity. In general, misdemeanors are less serious, while felonies are more serious and include major violent crimes. In Colorado, the major factor that distinguishes between misdemeanor and felony theft is the value of what was stolen. Lower values are misdemeanors, or even petty theft, while higher values are felony theft. At higher values, theft is much more serious with higher prison terms and fines for defendants found guilty of these crimes.
What Is Petty Theft?
Petty theft refers to the least serious form of theft in Colorado, typically taking anything below $50 in value. Shoplifting, for example, is usually a petty offense, so long as the object taken is not worth more than $50. Keep in mind, however, that multiple stolen items can be added together in a single charge. This means that a defendant accused of shoplifting from three different stores, taking items worth $20 from each, can be charged with a higher offense because the items total more than $50 when combined.
What Are the Penalties for Theft in Colorado?
A theft crime can be treated as either a misdemeanor or a felony in Colorado, depending on the circumstances surrounding the offense. Generally, the severity of theft charges is based on the total value of the stolen property. Several factors, such as the age of the victim and the circumstances of the alleged crime, affect the sentence. Other contributing factors include the presence or non-presence of force and/or intimidation.
Below are the different levels of theft along with their penalties:
- Petty Theft: Property stolen is valued at less than $50. May result in incarceration of up to 6 months in jail, or a fine of no more than $500. No mandatory parole.
- Class 3 Misdemeanor: Property stolen is valued at $50 or more, but less than $300. May result in incarceration of up to 6 months in jail, and a fine between $50 and $750. No mandatory parole.
- Class 2 Misdemeanor: Property stolen is valued at $300 or more, but less than $750. May result in incarceration of at least 3 months and up to 1 year, and a fine of $150 to $1,000. No mandatory parole.
- Class 1 Misdemeanor: Property stolen is valued at $750 or more, but less than $2,000. May result in incarceration of at least 6 months and up to 18 months, and a fine of $500 to $5,000. No mandatory parole.
- Class 6 Felony: Property stolen is valued at $2,000 or more, but less than $5,000. May result in incarceration of at least 1 year and up to 18 months, and a fine of $1,000 to $10,000. 1 year mandatory parole after release.
- Class 5 Felony: Property stolen is valued at $5,000 or more, but less than $20,000. May result in incarceration of at least 1 year and up to 3 years, and a fine of $1,000 to $100,000. 1 year mandatory parole after release.
- Class 4 Felony: Property stolen is valued at $20,000 or more, but less than $100,000. May result in incarceration of at least 2 years and up to 6 years, and a fine of $2,000 to $500,000. 3 years mandatory parole after release.
- Class 3 Felony: Property stolen is valued at $100,000 or more, but less than $1,000,000. May result in incarceration of at least 4 years and up to 12 years, and a fine of $3,000 to $750,000. 5 years mandatory parole after release.
- Class 2 Felony: Property stolen is valued at $1,000,000 or more. May result in incarceration of at least 8 years and up to 12 years, and a fine of $5,000 to $1,000,000. 5 years mandatory parole after release.
In any case, if you're under suspicion or arrest for a theft crime in Colorado Springs, you owe it to yourself to immediately seek legal assistance from a theft defense lawyer.
Felony Theft Crime
It's not uncommon to think of theft as a minor crime that doesn't cause actual harm. However, in Colorado, stealing any denomination above $2,000 is considered a felony theft crime—and a felony conviction could seriously compromise your reputation, carry with it mandatory jail sentences, and affect your ability to get a job, vote, and more. Read on for more information on felony theft crimes and your legal rights.
How Is a Felony Theft Crime Defined?
Many different statutes cover theft crimes in Colorado, all of which define a felony as possession of a thing of value that belongs to another, with the intention to "permanently deprive" its owner of the object or thing. Several factors trigger an automatic felony charge: stealing the object from the body of a person (regardless of value), using a deadly weapon, and stealing objects or money valued above $2,000. Stealing from an employer or person who entrusted you with valuable objects is usually looked on more harshly than a one-time violation. In addition, prosecutors can choose to charge you for multiple thefts at once—if the value of multiple thefts equals $2,000 or more, it's a felony charge.
What Is Grand Theft?
The term "grand theft" refers to more serious offenses, usually higher levels of felony offenses. In Colorado, the term "aggravated" is often used instead of "grand" and refers to situations in which a theft offense becomes more serious due to other factors. For example, any misdemeanor theft that occurs at someone's home is considered aggravated and becomes a felony even if the value of what was taken would not otherwise constitute a felony charge. Theft that includes threats of violence or the use of a weapon typically becomes "aggravated" and is a more serious charge.
Fighting for a Better Future
The passionate Colorado Springs theft defense attorneys at The Bussey Law Firm, P.C., are prepared to use the full scope of their experience and skills in criminal law to gain you dropped charges. If not, then we will do our best to negotiate significantly reduced penalties or alternative sentencing options that do not involve any jail time or exorbitant fines. To learn more about your rights and options, contact our office today at (719) 475-2555.
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